Full Caption: Peter Pelham, artist. Cottonus Matherus S. Mezzotint, 1728 (restrike). Prints and Photographs Division. LC-USZC4-4597. Full Caption: Peter Pelham, artist. Cottonus Matherus S. Mezzotint, 1728 (restrike). Prints and Photographs Division. LC-USZC4-4597.

Cotton Mather, of the eminent Mather dynasty of Puritan minister-leaders in New England, demonstrated his own psychological ambivalence toward women's behavior and role in 1692 in The Wonders of the Invisible World: Being an Account of the Tryals of Several VVitches, Lately Excuted in New-England ([Boston, London]: Printed . . . for John Dunton, 1693; BF1575 .M54 1693b RBSC), his justification for the Salem witchcraft trials and executions, and, the same year, in Ornaments for the Daughters of Zion (reprint of the 3rd ed., 1741; Delmar, N.Y.: Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints, 1978; BV4527.M27 1978) described models of pious womanhood for women to emulate.

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