Copyright and Other Restrictions: Emile Berliner and the Birth of the Recording Industry

The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as holders of publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. There may be content that is protected as "works for hire" (copyright may be held by the party that commissioned the original work) and/or under the copyright or neighboring-rights laws of other nations.

Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. Users should consult the catalog information that accompanies each item for specific information. This catalog data provides the details known to the Library of Congress regarding the corresponding item and may assist users in making independent assessments of the legal status of these items as related to their desired uses.

Items included here with the permission of rights holders are listed below, and permission is noted in the catalog record for each item. In some cases, the Library was unable to identify a possible rights holder and has elected to place some of those items online as an exercise of fair use for strictly non-commercial educational uses. The Library of Congress would like to learn more about these materials and would like to hear from individuals or institutions that have any additional information or know of their history. Please contact: American Memory Help Desk,

Suggested credit line: Library of Congress, Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division.

The following items are included in this collection with permission as indicated:

Reprinted with permission from Washingtonpost.Newsweek Interactive Company, The Washington Post and Copyright 2002, Washingtonpost.Newsweek Interactive, The Washington Post and All rights reserved. (

Washington Post, "Berliner Acoustic Wall Cell Wins in Philadelphia Test," 1928 Aug. 9.
Washington Post, "Berliner Funeral to be Held Today," 1929 August 5.
Washington Post, "Berliner is to Fight for City's Birth List," 1928 Feb. 23.
Washington Post, "Berliner, Not Edison is Inventor of the Microphone, Book Declares." 1926 December 19
Washington Post, "Berliner Will Provides For Health Education," 1929 August 8.
Washington Post, "Contest Develops Over Berliner Will," 1929 September 11.
Washington Post, "Emile Berliner," 1929 August 4.
Washington Post, "Emile Berliner, Inventor, is Dead," 1929 August 4.
Washington Post, "Emile Berliner's Funeral Attended by Many Friends," 1929 August 6.
Washington Post, "Health Bureau Ban on Child Pamphlet Rouses Mrs. Rafter," 1928 Feb. 22.
Washington Post , "Emile Berliner, Man of Simplicity," 1929 September 15.

Copyright The Washington Post ; reprinted by permission of the D.C. Public Library (

Washington Daily News, "Emile Berliner and the Babies of Washington," 1929 Aug. 6.
Washington Daily News, "P.T.A. Will Attack Medical Society in Child Fight," 1928(?) Feb. 21.
Washington Daily News, "Scientific Group Lauds Washington Inventor," 1928 Oct. 18.
Washington Evening Star, "Berliner Leaves Trust Fund for Aid of Children," 1929 Aug. 7.
Washington Star, "Death of Berliner Recalls Triumphs," 1929 Aug. 4.
Washington Evening Star, "Emile Berliner," 1929 Aug. 5.
Washington Evening Star, "Emile Berliner, Famous Inventor, Dies After Stroke," 1929 Aug. 3.
Washington Star, "Emile Berliner Reaches 75 Today," 1926 May 20.
Washington Sunday Star, "A New Idea in Acoustics," 1928 Nov. 11.
Washington (Evening?) Star, "Saving Lives of Babies," 1929 July 22.
Washington Star, "Silence on the Air Honor to Berliner, Radio Benefactor," 1929 Aug. 4.
Washington Star, "Simple Rites Held for Emile Berliner," 1929 Aug. 6.

Courtesy NYP Holdings, Inc., publisher of the New York Post,
1211 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036:

New York Herald Tribune, "Emile Berliner, Talking Machine Inventor, Dead," 1929 Aug. 4.

Courtesy AT&T, AT&T Archives, 5 Reinman Road, Warren, NJ 07059:

[Letter from Thomas Vail to Emile Berliner, 1918 March 4].
[Letter from John J. Carty of American Telephone and Telegraph Company to Emile Berliner, 1923 June 21].
[Letter from John J. Carty of American Telephone and Telegraph Company to Emile Berliner, 1923 June 29].
[Letter from H. B. Thayer, President of American Telephone and Telegraph Company to Emile Berliner, 1923 August 13].
Bell-Berliner system since 1879

Return to Emile Berliner Home Page