Seasonal Round of Activities on Coal River
|Image Version of Seasonal Round||Text Version of Seasonal Round|
|Gardens||Winter cover and fallow||Plowing and planting gardens (onions, greens, peas, potatoes, sweet potatoes, corn, beans, tomatoes)||Canning / Drying Beans||Corn shucking||Clearing gardens||Winter cover and fallow|
|Digging and storing potatoes|
|Canning, Freezing, Drying|
|Gathering (domestic)||Split wood||Gather maple sap to make syrup||Hunt "molly moochers" (morels)||Pick wild berries (strawberries, red mulberries, blackberries, wild grapes, raspberries, huckleberries, elderberries, currants, groundberries, wineberries)||Cut Christmas trees|
|Dig wild greens (ramps, poke, woolen britches, dock, Shawnee lettuce*, lamb's tongue)||Gather wild fruits (paw-paw, persimmon)|
|Make sassafras tea||Gather nuts (hickory, beech, butternut*, chestnut*, walnut, hazelnut*, chinquapin*)|
|Gathering (commercial)||Moss, ninebark, yellowroot, bloodroot, mayapple, hellgrammites, Virginia snakeroot, Indian turnip||Ginseng|
|Sumac, witch hazel, sassafras|
|Community Events||Ramp festivals||Tend graves||Family reunions|
|Ridgetop and riverside cookouts|
|Bass spawning in creeks||Hellgrammites (2 hatches)|
The seasonal round on Coal River, showing the continuing role of the mixed mesophytic forest in community life. Many of these activites rely on common pool resources located in the mountains. Adapted from the graphic by Suzuki Graphics, based on interviews and a field sketch by Mary Hufford.
* The asterisks indicate species either extinct or in decline and cultural practices no longer observed.