Born in Boston, Massachusetts.
B.A., cum laude, Harvard University (honors thesis: "Stravinsky's Contribution to Twentieth-century Musical Style"). Composition — Walter Piston Orchestration — E. B. Hill Music history — A. Tillman Merritt Choral Conducting — Archibald Davison
Receives M.A., Harvard University. Composition — Piston Counterpoint at Radcliffe with Nadia Boulanger
Continues studies with Boulanger in Paris.
Returns to U.S., appointed tutor, Radcliffe College.