Dance Instruction Manuals

Video Directory

The following list describes the 75 video clips that illustrate portions of the Dance Instruction Manuals. These clips were selected from two different videotaping sessions. The first was a public event, "Society Dances and Parlor Amusements in The Great Hall," which took place at the Library of Congress on October 15, 1997. The event, which marked the 100th anniversary of the Library's Jefferson Building, featured late 19th-century dances performed in costume against the backdrop of the Great Hall, with music provided by a wind band using period instruments. The second videotaping session took place in the Library's Coolidge Auditorium on April 14, 1998. The videos from this session feature a pair of dancers demonstrating specific dances or movements from selected manuals in the collection. All time periods are represented in these videos.

The Table of Contents provides a complete list of the 75 clips arranged by historical period. The entries for individual video clips provide links to the clips themselves and also to the particular pages in the manuals where that dance is discussed.

Table of Contents:

Renaissance
Clip #29 Cinq pas de la gaillarde (basic galliard step)
Clip #30 Autres cinq pas (galliard variations)
Clip #31 Passage d'unze pas (galliard variation)
Clip #32 Sample steps from the Italian repertory
Clip #33 Sample steps from the Italian repertory
Clip #34 Sample steps from the Italian repertory
Clip #35 Sample steps from the Italian repertory
Clip #36 Pavane (pavan) steps
Clip #37 Pavane (pavan) steps
Clip #38 Conversion: pavane (pavan)
Clip #39 Pavane (pavan)
Clip #40 Branle Simple
Clip #41 Branle Double
Clip #42 Branle Charlotte
Clip #43 Pas double for dancing the branle
Clip #44 Pas simple for dancing the branle
Clip #45 Last bar: Branle des Lavandieres
Clip #46 Branle des Lavandieres
Clip #53 Révérence

Baroque
Clip #22 Courante from "La Bourgogne"
Clip #23 Sarabande from "La Bourgogne"
Clip #24 Bourée from "La Savoye"
Clip #25 Sampler of steps
Clip #26 Pas de menuet de deux mouvements
Clip #27 Pas de menuet de trois mouvements
Clip #28 "Entrée d'apolon" (1st couplet)
Clip #54 Révérence (Honour)

Early Nineteenth-Century
Clip #20 Quadrille: Step combinations
Clip #21 Quadrille: Step combinations
Clip #47 March steps, bow, and Slow French Waltz
Clip #48 March steps, bow and curtsy
Clip #49 Scotch Reel steps

Mid Nineteenth-Century
Clip #50 Polka
Clip #51 Esmeralda (1st version)
Clip #52 Esmeralda (2nd version)
Clip #56 Schottisch
Clip #57 Polka mazurka and the Gitana waltz
Clip #58 Waltz
Clip #59 Varsovienne
Clip #60 Zingirella
Clip #61 Five Step Waltz

Late Nineteenth-Century
Clip #1 Grand March
Clip #2 Quadrille
Clip #3 The German "The Rope"
Clip #4 The German "The Fan"
Clip #5 The German "Blind Man's Buff"
Clip #6 Waltz Variations
Clip #7 The Washington Post Two Step
Clip #8 The Washington Post Two Step
Clip #9 Waltz and "Loomis' Glide Mazurka
Clip #10 "The Eugenie" and Waltz Cotillion
Clip #13 The Butterfly Dance
Clip #16 The German
Clip #55 Bow and curtsy (Salutations)
Clip #62 Waltz
Clip #63 Waltz (feet only)
Clip #64 Heel-and-Toe Polka
Clip #65 Heel-and-Toe Polka
Clip #66 Cross Step Polka
Clip #67 The Carlton
Clip #68 The Carlton (feet only)
Clip #69 Loomis' Glide Mazurka
Clip #70 Loomis' Glide Mazurka (feet only)
Clip #71 Waltz Minuet
Clip #72 Star Schottische
Clip #73 Star Schottische (feet only)

Ragtime
Clip #74 One-Step Variation
Clip #75 Castle Walk
Clip #76 Standard Waltz
Clip #77 The Maxixe (1st Step)
Clip #78 The Maxixe
Clip #79 The Maxixe
Clip #80 Argentine Tango
Clip #81 Argentine Tango
Clip #82 Argentine Tango


Video Clip 1

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: Grand March (also known as The March, Polonaise, Grand Promenade, Opening March)

Duration: 2:33

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Performed by members of The Jonquil Street Foundation, Inc. Ariane Anthony, Thomas Baird, Barbara Barr, Patricia Beaman, Christopher Caines, Reneé Camus, Charles Garth, Elizabeth Keen, James Martin, Mark Mindek, Hugh Murphy, Maris Wolff. Choreography/reconstruction by Elizabeth Aldrich. The Great Hall, The Library of Congress, 15 October 1997. Music: "Masonic March" by J. Schatzman, 1859. Played by members of The Library of Congress Centennial Cotillion Brass Band, Emerson Head and Robert Sheldon, Leaders. (Members, Metro Washington D.C. Federation of Musicians Local 161-710, AFM)

The following sources provide descriptions of the Grand March and its figures:
Harvey, J.H. Wehman's complete dancing master and call book, (#091), p. 32
Reilley, E. The amateur's vademecum, (#144) p. 199
Koncen, M.J. Prof. M. J. Koncen's quadrille call book and ball room guide, (#109), p. 15
Dewey, V. Persis. "Tips to dancers", (#204), p. 18
Elmwell, L.H. Prompter's pocket instruction book, (#064), p. 4
Dick's quadrille call-book, (#013), p. 25
Cartier, P. Cartier and Baron's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#182), p. 42
The way to dance, (#138), p. 16
Bosshardt-Strubi, J.R. Leitfaden fur den tanz (#201), p. 51 (La Polonaise)
Meyen, H. The ball-room guide, (#187), p. 17 (Polonaise)
Clendenen, F. Fashionable quadrille call book, (#016), p. 13 (Polonaise)
Kopp, E.H. American prompter and guide to etiquette , (#110), p. 15
Grant, H.N. How to become successful teachers of the art of dancing, (#089), p. 25


Video Clip 2

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: Quadrille

Duration: 4:56

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Performed by members of The Jonquil Street Foundation, Inc. Ariane Anthony, Thomas Baird, Barbara Barr, Patricia Beaman, Christopher Caines, Charles Garth, James Martin, Maris Wolff. Choreography/reconstruction by Elizabeth Aldrich. The Great Hall, The Library of Congress, 15 October 1997. Music: "Queen of Harvest Quadrille" by John Philip Sousa, 1889. Played by members of The Library of Congress Centennial Cotillion Brass Band, Emerson Head and Robert Sheldon, Leaders. (Members, Metro Washington D.C. Federation of Musicians Local 161-710, AFM)

Virtually every dance manual published during the nineteeth century contains information on the performance of the quadrille. The following manuals provide helpful advice on late-nineteenth-century quadrilles: (Please note - there are no specific page numbers given, due to the amount of material in each volume. The links provided here go to the front of each manual.)
Reilley, E.B. The amateur's vademecum, (#144)
Roberts. Roberts' manual of fashionable dancing, (#147)
Radestock, R. The royal ballroom guide, (#140)
Dick's quadrille call-book, (#013)
Rowe, G. The prompter's own book, (#148)
Cartier, P. Cartier and Baron's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#182)
Carpenter, L. J.W. Pepper's universal dancing master, (#035)
White, C. Dancing and prompting, (#002)
Rivers, C. A full description of modern dances, (#146)
Howe, E. The pocket ball-room prompter, (#099)
Elmwell, L. Prompter's pocket instruction book, (#064)
Link, C. Unique dancing call book, (#113)
Witherspoon, E. The perfect art of modern dancing, (#119)
The way to dance , (#138)
Kopp, E. The American prompter, (#110)
Clendenen, F. Fashionable quadrille call book, (#016)


Video Clip 3

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: The German (also known as cotillon; German cotillon) "The Rope"

Duration: 0:28

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Performed by members of The Jonquil Street Foundation, Inc. Ariane Anthony, Thomas Baird, Barbara Barr, Patricia Beaman, Christopher Caines, Reneé Camus, Charles Garth, Elizabeth Keen, James Martin, Hugh Murphy, Maris Wolff. Choreography/reconstruction by Elizabeth Aldrich. The Great Hall, The Library of Congress, 15 October 1997. Music: "The Stampede: A Descriptive Hunting Scene" by W. E. Pettee, 1892. Played by members of The Library of Congress Centennial Cotillion Brass Band, Emerson Head and Robert Sheldon, Leaders. (Members, Metro Washington D.C. Federation of Musicians Local 161-710, AFM)

The following manuals provide descriptions of "The Rope" as well as other popular German figures:
DeGarmo, W. The prompter , (#055), p. 46
Dick's quadrille call-book, (#013), p. 146
How to lead the German, (#190), p. 57
DeGarmo, W. Dance of society, (#181), p. 120 ("La Corde")
Cartier, P. Cartier's practical waltz instructor, (#183), p. 54
Koncen, M. Prof. MJ Koncen's quadrille call book, (#109), p. 113
Brookes, L. Brookes on modern dancing, (#027), p. 74 ("La Corde")


Video Clip 4

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: The German (also known as cotillon; German cotillon) "The Fan" (L'Èventail)

Duration: 0:21

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Performed by members of The Jonquil Street Foundation, Inc. Ariane Anthony, Thomas Baird, Barbara Barr, Patricia Beaman, Christopher Caines, Reneé Camus, Charles Garth, Elizabeth Keen, James Martin, Hugh Murphy, Maris Wolff. Choreography/reconstruction by Elizabeth Aldrich. The Great Hall, The Library of Congress, 15 October 1997. Music: "The Stampede: A Descriptive Hunting Scene" by W. E. Pettee, 1892. Played by members of The Library of Congress Centennial Cotillion Brass Band, Emerson Head and Robert Sheldon, Leaders. (Members, Metro Washington D.C. Federation of Musicians Local 161-710, AFM)

The following manuals provide descriptions of "The Fan" as well as other German figures:
Sause, J. The art of dancing, (#150), p. 110
Dick, Harris B. How to lead the german, (#190), p. 53
DeGarmo, W. Dance of society, (#181), p. 115 (L'Èventail)
Rivers, C. A Full description of modern dances, (#146), p. 60 (L'Èventail)
Dodworth, A. Assistant for A. Dodworth's pupils, (#014), p. 41
Howe, E. American dancing master, (#102), p. 149
Dodworth, A. Dancing and its relations to education and social life, (#186), p. 230
Cellarius, H. The drawing-room dances, (#037), p. 109
Cellarius, H. La danse des salons, (#038), p. 132-33 (L'Èventail)
Cartier, P. Cartier's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#183), p. 54
Koncen, M. Prof. M.J. Koncen's quadrille call book, (#109), p. 97
Cartier, P. Cartier and Baron's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#182), p. 36
Harvey, J. Wehman's complete dancing master and call book, (#091), p. 79
Ferrero, E. The art of dancing, (#067), p. 169
Brookes, L. Brookes on modern dancing, (#027), p. 80
Giraudet, E. Traité de la danse, (#085), p. 105 (L'Èventail)
Paul, F. Le cotillon, (#132), p. 83 (L'Èventail)


Video Clip 5

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: The German (also known as cotillon; German cotillon) "Blind Man's Buff" (Le Colin Maillard)

Duration: 0:41

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Performed by members of The Jonquil Street Foundation, Inc. Ariane Anthony, Thomas Baird, Barbara Barr, Patricia Beaman, Christopher Caines, Reneé Camus, Charles Garth, Elizabeth Keen, James Martin, Hugh Murphy, Maris Wolff. Choreography/reconstruction by Elizabeth Aldrich. The Great Hall, The Library of Congress, 15 October 1997. Music: "The Stampede: A Descriptive Hunting Scene" by W. E. Pettee, 1892. Played by members of The Library of Congress Centennial Cotillion Brass Band, Emerson Head and Robert Sheldon, Leaders. (Members, Metro Washington D.C. Federation of Musicians Local 161-710, AFM)

The following sources provide descriptions of "Blind Man's Buff" as well as other German figures:
Dick, H. How to lead the german, (#190), p. 51
DeGarmo, W. Dance of society, (#181), p. 128
Dick's quadrille call-book, (#013), p. 137
Koncen, M. Prof. M.J. Koncen's quadrille call book, (#109), p. 99
Dodworth, A. Assistant for A. Dodworth's, (#014), p. 41
Cellarius, H. Drawing-room dances, (#037), p. 109-110 (La Colin Maillard)
Cellarius., H. La danse des salons, (#038), p. 133 (La Colin Maillard)
Howe, E. American dancing master, (#102), p. 149
Cartier, P. Cartier's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#183), p. 55
Cartier, p. Cartier and Baron's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#182), p. 37
Harvey, J. Wehman's complete dancing master and call book, (#091), p. 81
Ferrero, E. The art of dancing, (#067), p. 169
Brookes, L. Brookes on modern dancing, (#027), p. 76 (Le Colin Maillard)
Rivers, C. A full description of modern dances, (#146), p. 60


Video Clip 6

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: Waltz Variations

Duration: 0:41

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Performed by members of The Jonquil Street Foundation, Inc. Ariane Anthony, Thomas Baird, Barbara Barr, Patricia Beaman, Christopher Caines, Reneé Camus, Charles Garth, Elizabeth Keen, James Martin, Hugh Murphy, Maris Wolff. Choreography by Elizabeth Aldrich. The Great Hall, The Library of Congress, 15 October 1997. Music: "La Gitana: Hesitation Waltz" by Ernest Bucalossi in Modern dance music, Boston, Chicago, 1890. Performed by Kim Miller, violin and John Legg, piano.


Video Clip 7

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: Washington Post Two Step

Duration: 0:28

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Performed by members of The Jonquil Street Foundation, Inc. Ariane Anthony, Thomas Baird, Barbara Barr, Patricia Beaman, Christopher Caines, Reneé Camus, Charles Garth, Elizabeth Keen, James Martin, Mark Mindek, Hugh Murphy, Maris Wolff. Choreography/reconstruction by Elizabeth Aldrich. The Great Hall, The Library of Congress, 15 October 1997. Music: "Washington Post" by John Philip Sousa (1889). Played by members of The Library of Congress Centennial Cotillion Brass Band, Emerson Head and Robert Sheldon, Leaders.

(Members, Metro Washington D.C. Federation of Musicians Local 161-710, AFM)


Video Clip 8

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: The Washington Post Two Step

Duration: 0:19

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Performed by members of The Jonquil Street Foundation, Inc. Ariane Anthony, Thomas Baird, Barbara Barr, Patricia Beaman, Christopher Caines, Reneé Camus, Charles Garth, Elizabeth Keen, James Martin, Mark Mindek, Hugh Murphy, Maris Wolff. Choreography/reconstruction by Elizabeth Aldrich. The Great Hall, The Library of Congress, 15 October 1997. Music: "Washington Post" by John Philip Sousa (1889). Played by members of The Library of Congress Centennial Cotillion Brass Band, Emerson Head and Robert Sheldon, Leaders. (Members, Metro Washington D.C. Federation of Musicians Local 161-710, AFM)


Video Clip 9

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: Waltz and "Loomis' Glide Mazurka"

Duration: 0:39

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Performed by members of The Jonquil Street Foundation, Inc. Ariane Anthony, Thomas Baird, Barbara Barr, Patricia Beaman, Christopher Caines, Reneé Camus, Charles Garth, Elizabeth Keen, James Martin, Mark Mindek, Hugh Murphy, Maris Wolff. Choreography/reconstruction by Elizabeth Aldrich. The Great Hall, The Library of Congress, 15 October 1997. Music: "Tres Jolie' Waltzes" by C.E. Waldteufel and arranged for brass band (1881) by E. C. Walston. Played by members of The Library of Congress Centennial Cotillion Brass Band, Emerson Head and Robert Sheldon, Leaders. (Members, Metro Washington D.C. Federation of Musicians Local 161-710, AFM)

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual: Gilbert, M. Round dancing, (#250), p. 79-88 (The Waltz), p. 148 ("Loomis' Glide Mazurka")


Video Clip 10

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: "The Eugenie" and Waltz Cotillion (also known as Waltz Quadrille)

Duration: 0:53

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Performed by members of The Jonquil Street Foundation, Inc. Ariane Anthony, Thomas Baird, Barbara Barr, Patricia Beaman, Christopher Caines, Reneé Camus, Charles Garth, Elizabeth Keen, James Martin, Mark Mindek, Hugh Murphy, Maris Wolff. Choreography/reconstruction by Elizabeth Aldrich. The Great Hall, The Library of Congress, 15 October 1997. Music: "'Tres Jolie' Waltzes" by C.E. Waldteufel and arranged for brass band (1881) by E. C. Walston. Played by members of The Library of Congress Centennial Cotillion Brass Band, Emerson Head and Robert Sheldon, Leaders. (Members, Metro Washington D.C. Federation of Musicians Local 161-710, AFM)

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Gilbert, M. Round dancing, (#250), p. 97 ("The Eugenie"),

Many nineteenth-century sources provide descriptions for waltz cotillions (or waltz quadrilles) including:
Strassburg, H. Call book of modern quadrilles, (#153), p. 8,
Radestock, R. The royal ballroom guide, (#140), p. 64,
Harvey, J. Wehman's complete dancing master, (#091), p. 19,
Cartier, P. Cartier's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#183), p. 21,
Cartier, P. Cartier and Baron's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#182), p. 21,
[Witherspoon, E] Perfect art of modern dancing, (#119), p. 49,
Wehman Bros.’ book on the way to dance, (#138), p. 49,
[Brown, R.], A treatise on the elements of dancing, (#162), p. 82,
Howe, E. American dancing master, (#102), p. 63,
Howe, E. Howe’s complete ballroom hand book, (#243), p. 54,
Elmwell, L. Prompter's pocket instruction book, (#064), p. 32,
French, J. The prompter's handbook, (#079), p. 48,
Kopp, E. The American prompter, (#110), p. 77,
White, C. Dancing and prompting, (#002), p. 18,
 


Video Clip 13

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: The Butterfly Dance

Duration: 3:09

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Choreographed by Elizabeth Aldrich and Jody Sperling. Performed by Jody Sperling. The Great Hall, The Library of Congress, 15 October 1997. Music: Themes from Grosse Fantasia aus Richard Wagner's "Die Walküre" arranged by Arthur Seidel, orchestrated for brass band by Robert Sheldon. Played by members of The Library of Congress Centennial Cotillion Brass Band, Emerson Head and Robert Sheldon, Leaders. (Members, Metro Washington D.C. Federation of Musicians Local 161-710, AFM)


Video Clip 16

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: The German (also known as cotillon; German cotillon) "Blind Man's Buff" (Le Colin Maillard) "The Covered Pieces"

Duration: 0:59

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Performed by members of The Jonquil Street Foundation, Inc. Ariane Anthony, Thomas Baird, Barbara Barr, Patricia Beaman, Christopher Caines, Reneé Camus, Charles Garth, Elizabeth Keen, James Martin, Hugh Murphy, Maris Wolff. Choreography/reconstruction by Elizabeth Aldrich. The Great Hall, The Library of Congress, 15 October 1997. Music: "The Stampede: A Descriptive Hunting Scene" by W. E. Pettee, 1892. Played by members of The Library of Congress Centennial Cotillion Brass Band, Emerson Head and Robert Sheldon, Leaders. (Members, Metro Washington D.C. Federation of Musicians Local 161-710, AFM)

The following manual provides a description of "The Covered Pieces":
Dodworth, A. Dancing and its relations to education and social life (#186), p. 232,

The following manuals provide descriptions of "Blind Man's Buff" as well as other figures:
Dick, H. How to lead the german, (#190), 51,
DeGarmo, W. Dance of society, (#181), p. 128,
Dick's quadrille call-book, (#013), p. 137,
Koncen, M. Prof. M.J. Koncen's quadrille call book, (#109), p. 99,
Dodworth, A. Assistant for A. Dodworth's, (#014), p. 41,
Cellarius, H. Drawing-room dances, (#037), p. 109-110 (La Colin Maillard),
Cellarius., H. La danse des salons, (#038), p. 133 (La Colin Maillard),
Howe, E. American dancing master, (#102), p. 149,
Cartier, P. Cartier's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#183), p. 55,
Cartier, p. Cartier and Baron's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#182), p. 37,
Harvey, J. Wehman's complete dancing master and call book, (#091), p. 81,
Ferrero, E. The art of dancing, (#067), p. 169,
Brookes, L. Brookes on modern dancing, (#027), p. 76 (Le Colin Maillard),
Rivers, C. A full description of modern dances, (#146), p. 60,


Video Clip 20

Early Nineteenth-Century Quadrille: Step combinations for figures balancé and tour de mains

Duration: 0:18

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Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Susan Manus, violin. Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Music: La Pantalon from "Pietro l'Eremita" in Quadrilliana, a selection of the most admired and popular quadrille melodies. C. Wheatstone: London, 181-.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Strathy, A. Elements of the art of dancing, 1822 (# 154), Instructions for balancé, p. 76, Instructions for tour de mains: p. 67


Video Clip 21

Early Nineteenth-Century Quadrille: Step combinations for figures Forward and Back; Cross Over

Duration: 0:24

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Performed by dancers Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird; Susan Manus, violin. Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Music: La Trenise from "La Latona" in Quadrilliana, a selection of the most admired and popular quadrille melodies. C. Wheatstone: London, 181-.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Gourdoux-Daux, J. Elements and principles of the art of dancing, 1817 (#212). Instructions for Forward and Back, p. 70, Instructions for Cross Over, p. 71


Video Clip 22

Baroque Dance: Courante from "La Bourgogne" (1st couplet; man's part only)

Duration: 0:44

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Choreography by Raoul-Auger Feuillet; reconstructed by Thomas Baird. Performed by Thomas Baird, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: unknown, provided in source.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Recueil de dances, composée par M. Pecour, 1709 (#073), p. 43-44


Video Clip 23

Baroque Dance: Sarabande from "La Bourgogne" (1st couplet; man's part only)

Duration: 0:44

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Choreography by Raoul-Auger Feuillet; reconstructed by Thomas Baird. Performed by Thomas Baird, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: unknown, located in source.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual: Recueil de dances, composée par M. Pecour, 1709 (#073), p. 47-48


Video Clip 24

Baroque Dance: Bourée from "La Savoye" (1st couplet; man's part only)

Duration: 0:20

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Choreography by Raoul-Auger Feuillet; reconstructed by Thomas Baird. Performed by Thomas Baird, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: Act I, Méduse (1697) by Charles Hubert Gervais.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Recueil de dances, composée par M. Pecour, 1709 (#073), p. 54


Video Clip 25

Baroque Dance: Sampler of steps: pas de bourée, coupé glissé, coupé ouverte

Duration: 0:20

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Choreography from "La Savoye" by Raoul-Auger Feuillet; reconstructed by Thomas Baird. Performed by Thomas Baird, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: Méduse (1697) by Charles Hubert Gervais.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Feuillet, R. Chorégraphie, 1709 (#072), pas de bourée from Table de Pas de Bourée, our Fleurets, p. 53, coupé glissé from Table des Coupés, p. 44, coupé ouverte from Table des Coupés, p. 45.


Video Clip 26

Baroque Dance: Pas de menuet de deux mouvements (minuet step of two movements)

Duration: 0:35

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Reconstructed by Thomas Baird. Performed by Thomas Baird, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: unknown, located in source.

The following manuals provide descriptions of the above figure:
Rameau, P. Le Maître a danser, 1748 (#142), p. 76-83
Weaver, J. The dancing-master, (#143), p. 43-47


Video Clip 27

Baroque Dance: Pas de menuet de trois mouvements (minuet step of three movements)

Duration: 0:37

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Reconstructed by Thomas Baird. Performed by Thomas Baird, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: unknown, located in source.

This performance was based on descriptions found in the following manuals:
Rameau, P. Le Maître a danser, 1748 (#142), p. 76-83
Weaver, J. The dancing-master, (#143), p. 43-47


Video Clip 28

Baroque Dance: "Entrée d'apolon" (1st couplet)

Duration: 0:43

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Choreography by Raoul-Auger Feuillet, reconstructed by Thomas Baird. Performed by Thomas Baird, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: " Le Triomphe de l'Amour" (1681) by Jean-Baptiste Lully.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Feuillet, R. Recueil de dances, composeés par M. Feuillet (#073), p. 60


Video Clip 29

Renaissance Dance: Cinq pas de la gaillarde (basic galliard step)

Duration: 0:24

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: variation on "Belle qui tiens ma vie" by Thoinot Arbeau.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesographie, (#219), p. 53 recto


Video Clip 30

Renaissance Dance: Autres cinq pas (galliard variations)

Duration: 0:32

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Galliard" by Claude Gervaise.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesographie, (#219), p. 53 verso


Video Clip 31

Renaissance Dance: Passage d'unze pas (eleven-step gallliard variation)

Duration: 0:24

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Reconstructed by Cheryl Stafford. Performed by Cheryl Stafford, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: variation on "Belle qui tiens ma vie" by Thoinot Arbeau.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesographie, (#219), p. 60 recto-60 verso


Video Clip 32

Renaissance Dance: Sample steps from the Italian repertory: continenza grave; 2 seguito ordinario; 2 seguito spezatto

Duration: 0:30

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Amor Constante" from Nobiltà di dame.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Caroso, F. Nobiltà di dame, (#199), continenza grave, p. 16, seguito ordinario p. 26, sequito spezatto p. 30.

For contrasting descriptions, see:
Negri, C. Nuove inventioni di balli, (#121), continenza grave, p. 105, seguito ordinario, p. 108, seguito spezatto, p. 108,


Video Clip 33

Renaissance Dance: Sample steps from the Italian repertory: seguito ordinario; fioretto ordinario; seguito spezatto; saffice

Duration: 0:30

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Amor Constante" from Nobiltà di dame.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Caroso, F. Nobiltà di dame, (#199), seguito ordinario, p. 26, fioretto ordinario, p. 37, sequito spezatto, p. 30, saffice, p. 61.

For contrasting descriptions, see:
Negri, C. Nuove inventioni di balli, (#121), seguito ordinario, p. 108;, fioretto ordinario, p. 51; , seguito spezatto, p. 108, (saffice not in Negri)


Video Clip 34

Renaissance Dance: Sample steps from the Italian repertory: seguito ordinario; trabuchetto grave; seguito spezatto; destice

Duration: 0:30

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Amor Constante" from Nobiltà di dame.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Caroso, F. Nobiltà di dame, (#199), seguito ordinario, p. 26, trabuchetto grave, p. 36, sequito spezatto, p. 30, destice, p. 62.

For contrasting descriptions, see:
Negri, C. Nuove inventioni di balli, (#121), continenza grave, p 105, seguito ordinario, p. 108, seguito spezatto, p. 108. , (destice not in Negri)


Video Clip 35

Renaissance Dance: Sample steps from the Italian repertory: sequito spezatto schischiato; sequito battuto al canario

Duration: 0:23

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: canario from "Adda Felice" from Nuove inventioni di balli.

This performance was based on descriptions found in the following manuals:
Caroso, F. Nobiltà di dame, (#199], sequito spezatto schischiato, p. 33
Negri, C. Nuove inventioni di balli, (#121), sequito battuto al canario, p. 109 ,


Video Clip 36

Renaissance Dance: Pavane (pavan) steps for moving forward

Duration: 0:24

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Belle qui tiens ma vie" from Arbeau.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesographie, (#219), pas simple p. 27 recto - 27 verso, pas double p. 27 verso


Video Clip 37

Renaissance Dance: Pavane (pavan) steps for moving backward

Duration: 0:26

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Thomas Baird dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Belle qui tiens ma vie" from Arbeau.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesographie, (#219), pas simple p. 27 recto - 27 verso, pas double p. 27 verso


Video Clip 38

Renaissance Dance: Conversion while dancing the pavane (pavan)

Duration: 0:16

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Thomas Baird, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Belle qui tiens ma vie" from Arbeau.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesographie, (#219), 29 recto


Video Clip 39

Renaissance Dance: Pavane (pavan)

Duration: 1:18

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Belle qui tiens ma vie" from Arbeau.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesographie, (#219), pas simple p. 27 recto - 27 verso, pas double p. 27 verso, conversion p. 29 recto, p. 28 verso, and 29 verso for information on performing pavane


Video Clip 40

Renaissance Dance: Branle Simple

Duration: 0:19

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Branle Simple" from Arbeau.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesographie, (#219), p. 71 recto - 71 verso


Video Clip 41

Renaissance Dance: Branle Double

Duration: 0:20

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Branle Double" from Arbeau.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesographie, (#219), p. 68 verso - 69 recto - 69 verso


Video Clip 42

Renaissance Dance: Branle Charlotte

Duration: 0:26

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Branle Charlotte" from Arbeau.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesographie, (#219), p. 76 recto - 77 verso


Video Clip 43

Renaissance Dance: Pas double for dancing the branle

Duration: 0:15

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Thomas Baird, dancers; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Branle des Lavandieres" from Arbeau.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesographie, (#219), pas double p. 27 verso


Video Clip 44

Renaissance Dance: Pas simple for dancing the branle

Duration: 0:11

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford, dancer; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Branle des Lavandieres" from Arbeau.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesographie, (#219), pas simple p. 27 recto - 27 verso


Video Clip 45

Renaissance Dance: Last bar: Branle des Lavandieres (Washerwomen's Branle)

Duration: 0:10

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Branle des Lavandieres" from Arbeau.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesographie, (#219), p. 83 recto


Video Clip 46

Renaissance Dance: Branle des Lavandieres (Washerwomen's Branle)

Duration: 0:45

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Branle des Lavandieres" from Arbeau.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesographie, (#219), pas simple p. 27 recto - 27 verso, pas double p. 27 verso, "Branle des Lavandieres" p. 83 recto - 83 verso - 84 recto.


Video Clip 47

Early Nineteenth-Century Dance: March steps, bow, and Slow French Waltz

Duration: 0:36

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Tunes adapted to the French Slow Waltz" in Wilson.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Wilson, Thomas. A Description of the correct method of waltzing, Sherwood, Neely, and Jones: London, 1816. [note: not in LOC collection. See Western Social Dance: An Overview]


Video Clip 48

Early Nineteenth-Century Dance: March steps, bow and curtsy

Duration: 0:18

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Tunes adapted to the French Slow Waltz" in A description of the correct method of waltzing, Sherwood, Neely, and Jones: London, 1816.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Wilson, Thomas. A Description of the correct method of waltzing, London, 1816 (note: not in LOC collection).


Video Clip 49

Early Nineteenth-Century Dance: Scotch Reel steps

Duration: 0:48

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Devil's Dream; a dance," New York: W. Hall, 185-.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Peacock, F. Sketches relative to the history and theory, but more especially to the practice of dancing (#133). kemshóle, p. 91, minor kemkóssy, p. 92, double kemkóssy and single kemkóssy, p. 93.,


Video Clip 50

Mid-Nineteenth-Century Dance: Polka

Duration: 0:29

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Sontag Polka" in The social orchestra by Stephen Foster, New York: Firth, Pond, 1854. LOC number: M3.3.F7 56 (case)

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Ferrero, E. The art of dancing, (#067), p. 144-145

Descriptions of the polka can be found in many mid-nineteenth sources including:
Cellarius, H. The drawing-room dances, (#037), p. 20
Cellarius, H. La danse des salons, (#038), p. 27
Hillgrove, T. A complete practical guide (#093), p. 162-163
Durang, C. The fashionable dancer's casket, (#063), p. 46-49
Hillgrove, T. The scholars' companion, (#094), p. 82
The ball-room guide (#216), p. 67-70
Howe, E. American dancing master (#102), p. 108-109
Gawlikowski, P. Guide complete de la danse, (#084), p. 53-54
Brooks, C. (The Polka Waltz), The ball-room monitor (#030), p. 16
Blasis, C. Nouveau manuel complet de la danse, (#020), p. 37
Reilley, E. The amateur's vademecum (#144), p. 106-108
Ball-room dancing without a master, (#177), p. 26
Coulon, E. Coulon's hand-book, (#049), p. 3-4
Beadle's dime ball-room companion (#101), p. 29


Video Clip 51

Mid-Nineteenth-Century Dance: Esmeralda (1st version)

Duration: 0:28

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Sontag Polka" in The social orchestra by Stephen Foster, New York: Firth, Pond, 1854. LOC number: M3.3.F7 56 (case)

This performance was based on descriptions found in the following manuals:
Hillgrove, T. A complete practical guide, (#093), p. 168-169
Hillgrove, T. The scholars' companion, (#094), p. 89


Video Clip 52

Mid-Nineteenth-Century Dance: Esmeralda (2nd version)

Duration: 0:27

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Susan Manus, violin.

Music: "Sontag Polka" in The social orchestra by Stephen Foster, New York: Firth, Pond, 1854. LOC number: M3.3.F7 56 (case).

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Howe, E. American dancing master, (#102), p. 110

For further descriptions of the Esmeralda, see
Brookes, L. Brookes on modern dancing, (#027), p. 55
Reilley, E.B. The amateur's vademecum, (#144), p. 121
DeGarmo, L. The dance of society, (#181), p. 97
Cartier, P. Cartier and Baron's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#182), p. 31
Ferrero, E. The art of dancing, (#067), p. 151


Video Clip 53

Renaissance Dance: Révérence

Duration: 0:16

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Reconstructed by Cheryl Stafford. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Arbeau, Thoinot. Orchesographie, (#219), p. 40 verso


Video Clip 54

Baroque Dance: Révérence (Honour)

Duration: 0:27

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Reconstructed by Thomas Baird. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Rameau, P. Le maître a danser, (#142), p. 62


Video Clip 55

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: Bow and curtsy (Salutations)

Duration: 0:14

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Dodworth, A. Dancing and its relations to education and social life (#186), p. 75


Video Clip 56

Mid-Nineteenth-Century Dance: Schottisch (schotisch; schottische)

Duration: 0:39

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Rainbow Schottisch" in The social orchestra by Stephen Foster, New York: Firth, Pond, 1854. LOC number: M3.3.F7 56 (case).

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Ferrero, E. The art of dancing , (#067), p. 146-147

For additional descriptions, see
Hillgrove, T. A complete practical guide to the art of dancing, (#093), p. 163-164
Durang, C. The fashionable dancer's casket, (#063), p. 66
Howe, E. American dancing master, (#102), p. 109
Gawlikowski, P. Guide complete de la danse, (#084), p. 55-56
Brooks, C. The ball-room monitor, (#030), p. 17 p. 17
Reilley, E. The amateur's vademecum, (#144), p. 110-112
Ball-room dancing without a master, (#177), p. 28
Blasis, C. Nouveau manuel complet de la danse, (#020), p. 39-40
The ball-room guide, (#216), p. 71-73
Coulon, E. Coulon's hand-book, (#049), p. 45
Beadle's dime ball-room companion, (#101), p. 29
Giraudet, E. Traité de la danse, (#085), p. 61-64


Video Clip 57

Mid-Nineteenth-Century Dance: Polka mazurka and the Gitana waltz

Duration: 0:41

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers: Susan Manus, violin. Music: "Byerly's Waltz" in The social orchestra by Stephen Foster, New York: Firth, Pond, 1854. LOC number: M3.3.F7 56 (case).

This performance was based on descriptions found in the following manuals:
Ferrero, E. The art of dancing, (#067), p. 148-149 polka mazurka, p.153 gitana waltz
Hillgrove, T. A complete practical guide to the art of dancing, (#093), p. 175 polka mazurka , p. 187 gitana (called La Carlowitzka)
Howe, E. American dancing master, (#102), p. 111 polka mazurka, p. 113 gitana (called gintana)

Additional sources for the polka mazurka:
Hillgrove, T. The scholars' companion, (#094), p. 91
Durang, C. The fashionable dancer's casket, (#063), p. 74
Gawlikowski, P. Guide complete de la danse, (#084), p. 57-58
Blasis, C. Nouveau manuel complet de la danse, (#020), p. 40-41
Brookes, L. Brookes on modern dancing, (#027), p. 53
Reilley, E.B. The amateur's vademecum, (#144), p. 118-119
Ball-room dancing without a master, (#177), p. 31
Coulon, E. Coulon's hand-book, (#049), p. 42
Giraudet, E. Traité de la danse, (#085), p. 54-55


Video Clip 58

Mid-Nineteenth-Century Dance: Waltz (also known as La valse à trois temps; plain waltz; waltz of three steps; new valse; waltz a trois temps)

Duration: 0:35

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Waltz aus der oper "La Sonnombula" in A collection of dance music, waltzes, galops, polkas, polonaises, marches, etc., arranged in most part from operas by German and French composers, Mainz: B. Sohne, [182-?- 184-?].

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Cellarius, H. The drawing-room dances, (#037), p. 26 (waltze a trois temps)

Virtually every nineteenth-century manual contains description of the waltz. For other descriptions, see:
Cellarius, H. La danse des salons, (#038), p. 35-40 (La Valse à Trois Temps)
Ferrero, E. The art of dancing, (#067), p. 143 (The Waltz)
Hillgrove, T. A complete practical guide to the art of dancing, (#093), p. 176-178 (Plain Waltz)
Durang, C. The fashionable dancer's casket, (#063), p. 63-65 (Valse à Trois Temps)
Hillgrove, T. The scholars' companion, (#094), p. 87 (The Waltz)
Gawlikowski, P. Guide complet de la danse, (#084), p. 45-47 (Valse à trois temps)
Reilley, E. The amateur's vademecum, (#144), p. 115-117 (The Plain Waltz)
Howe, E. American dancing master, (#102), p. 118-119 (Waltz of Three Steps)
Brooks, C. The ball-room monitor, (#030), p. 17-18 (Waltz)
Ball-room dancing without a master, (#177), p. 50 (The New Valse)
Blasis, C. Nouveau manuel complet de la danse, (#020), p. 34-36 (Valse à trois temps)
Ball-room guide, (#216), p. 60 (Valse à trois temps)
Brookes, C. Brookes on modern dancing, (#027), p. 47 (Valse à Trois Temps)
Coulon, E. Coulon's hand-book, (#049), p. 69-70 (The waltz)
Beadle's Dime ball-room companion, (#101), p. 27 (waltz a Trois Temps)
Giraudet, E. Traité de la danse, (#085), p. 33-40 (Valse à Trois Temps)


Video Clip 59

Mid-Nineteenth-Century Dance: Varsovienne (varsoviana)

Duration: 0:28

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Violet Waltz," by R. Albert, New York: W. C. Peters and Sons, 1850.

The following manuals provide descriptions of the above figure:
Ferrero, E. The art of dancing, (#067), p. 147-148
Hillgrove, T. A complete practical guide to the art of dancing, (#093), p. 173-174
Hillgrove, T. The scholars' companion, (#094), p. 92
Howe, E. American dancing master, (#102), p. 107
Reilley, E. The amateur's vademecum, (#144), p. 125-126
Ball-room dancing without a master, (#177), p. 47
Durang, C. The fashionable dancer's casket, (#063), p. 145 (Varsoviana)
Ball-room guide, (#216), p. 65-67 (Varsoviana)
Giraudet, E. Traité de la danse, (#085), p. 90-92 (Varsoviana)
Coulon, E. Coulon's hand-book, (#049), p. 89-90 (Varsoviana)


Video Clip 60

Mid-Nineteenth-Century Dance: Zingirella

Duration: 0:28

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "The Original Mazurka, and Cellarius Waltze," by Jullien, London: Jullien and Co., 184-.

The following manuals provide descriptions of the above figure:
Howe, E. American dancing master, (#102), p. 115
Ferrero, E. The art of dancing, (#067), p. 153
Hillgrove, T. A complete practical guide to the art of dancing, (#093), p. 188


Video Clip 61

Mid-Nineteenth-Century Dance: Five Step Waltz (also known as Cinq Temps; Valse en Cinq Temps; Waltze à Cinque Temps)

Duration: 0:28

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Waltz in five-four," in First Part of the Musician's Companion, compiled by Elias Howe, Jr., Boston: E. Howe, 1844.

The following manuals provide descriptions of the above figures:
Hillgrove, T. A complete practical guide to the art of dancing, (#093), p. 181-182
Howe, E. American dancing master, (#102), p. 114
Ferrero, E. The art of dancing, (#067), p. 152-153

For alternative methods of performing this waltz, see:
Cellarius, H. The drawing-room dances, (#037), p. 48-50 (Waltz à Cinque Temps)
Cellarius, H. La danse des salons, (#038), p. 61-64 (La Valse à Cinq Temps)
Brookes, L. Brookes on modern dancing, (#027), p. 55-56 (Step of the Cinq Temps)
Giraudet, E. Traité de la danse, (#085), p. 76 (Valse en Cinq Temps)


Video Clip 62

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: Waltz

Duration: 0:44

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Wein, Weib und Gesang Waltzes," in Johann Strauss Dance Music, Boston: White, Smith and Perry, 189-.

The following manuals provide descriptions of the above figure:
Gilbert, M. Round dancing, (#250), p. 79-88
Dodworth, A. Dancing and its relations to education and social life, (#186), p. 62-70

For additional sources on late-nineteenth-century waltzes, see:
Gass, H. The waltz C., (entire volume) (#082)
Radestock, R. The royal ball-room, (#140), p. 72-74
Cartier, P. Cartier's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#183), p. 43
Cartier, P. Cartier and Baron's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#182), p. 28 (The New Waltz)
Koncen, M. Prof. M.J. Koncen's quadrille call book, (#109), p. 80
Rivers, C. A full description of modern dances, (#146), p. 7-8
Sause, J. The art of dancing, (#150), p. 80 (The Modern Waltz)
Harvey, J. Wehman's complete dancing master, (#091), p. 66-67 (The Waltz), p. 67-69 (The Modern Plain Waltz), p. 69 (The Glide Waltz)
Dick's quadrille call-book, (#013), p. 110 (Modern Plain Waltz)


Video Clip 63

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: Waltz (feet only)

Duration: 0:42

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Wein, Weib und Gesang Waltzes," in Johann Strauss Dance Music, Boston: White, Smith and Perry, 189-.

The following manuals provide descriptions of the above figure:
Gilbert, M. Round dancing, (#250), p. 79-88
Dodworth, A. Dancing and its relations to education and social life, (#186), p. 62-70

For additional sources on late-nineteenth-century waltzes, see:
Gass, H. The waltz C., (entire volume) (#082)
Radestock, R. The royal ball-room, (#140), p. 72-74
Cartier, P. Cartier's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#183), p. 43
Cartier, P. Cartier and Baron's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#182), p. 28 (The New Waltz)
Koncen, M. Prof. M.J. Koncen's quadrille call book, (#109), p. 80
Rivers, C. A full description of modern dances, (#146), p. 7-8
Sause, J. The art of dancing, (#150), p. 80 (The Modern Waltz)
Harvey, J. Wehman's complete dancing master, (#091), p. 66-67 (The Waltz), p. 67-69 (The Modern Plain Waltz), p. 69 (The Glide Waltz)
Dick's quadrille call-book, (#013), p. 110 (Modern Plain Waltz)


Video Clip 64

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: Heel-and-Toe Polka (also known as the Bohemian)

Duration: 0:29

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Heel and Toe (Kutsche) Polka," in The national dance album by favorite composers, Philadelphia: Thos. Hunter, 1882.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
[Brown, R]. A treatise on the elements of dancing, (#162). p. 58-59

For alternative descriptions of the Heel and Toe Polka, see:
Koncen, M. Prof. M.J. Koncen's quadrille call book and ball room guide, (#109), p. 91
Dodworth, A. Dancing and its relations to education and social life, (#186), p. 56-57
[Witherspoon, E.] The perfect art of modern dancing, (#119), p. 54
Harvey, J. Wehman's complete dancing master, (#091), p. 72
Cartier, P. Cartier's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#183), p. 45
Gilbert, M.B. Round dancing, (#250), p. 55-56


Video Clip 65

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: Heel-and-Toe Polka (feet only) (also known as the Bohemian)

Duration: 0:27

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Heel and Toe (Kutsche) Polka," in The national dance album by favorite composers, Philadelphia: Thos. Hunter, 1882.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
[Brown, R]. A treatise on the elements of dancing, (#162). p. 58-59

For alternative descriptions of the Heel and Toe Polka, see:
Koncen, M. Prof. M.J. Koncen's quadrille call book and ball room guide, (#109), p. 91
Dodworth, A. Dancing and its relations to education and social life, (#186), p. 56-57
[Witherspoon, E.] The perfect art of modern dancing, (#119), p. 54
Harvey, J. Wehman's complete dancing master, (#091), p. 72
Cartier, P. Cartier's practical illustrated waltz instructor, (#183), p. 45
Gilbert, M.B. Round dancing, (#250), p. 55-56


Video Clip 66

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: Cross Step Polka

Duration: 0:29

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Spring Morning Polka," by A.P. Wyman in The organ at home, Boston: Oliver Ditson & Co, 1873. LOC catalogue number: M15.069.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Gilbert. M. Round dancing, (#250), p. 54


Video Clip 67

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: The Carlton

Duration: 0:29

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Spring Morning Polka," by A.P. Wyman in The organ at home, Oliver Ditson and Co.: Boston, 1873. LOC catalogue number: M15.069.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Gilbert. M. Round dancing, (#250), p. 64


Video Clip 68

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: The Carlton (feet only)

Duration: 0:29

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Spring Morning Polka," by A.P. Wyman in The organ at home, Oliver Ditson and Co.: Boston, 1873. LOC catalogue number: M15.069.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Gilbert. M. Round dancing, (#250), p. 64


Video Clip 69

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: Loomis' Glide Mazurka

Duration: 0:29

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Only for Thee-Polka Mazurka," by Hermann Fliege in Modern dance music, Boston and Chicago: White, Smith and Co., 1890.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Gilbert, M. Round dancing, (#250), p. 148


Video Clip 70

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: Loomis' Glide Mazurka (feet only)

Duration: 0:28

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Only for Thee-Polka Mazurka," by Hermann Fliege in Modern dance music, Boston and Chicago: White, Smith and Co., 1890.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Gilbert, M. Round dancing, (#250), p. 148


Video Clip 71

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: Waltz Minuet

Duration: 0:44

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Spring Morning Polka," by A.P. Wyman in The organ at home, Boston: Oliver Ditson & Co., 1873. LOC catalogue number: M15.069.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Gilbert, M. Round dancing, (#250), p. 102


Video Clip 72

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: Star Schottische

Duration: 0:23

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Military Schottisch" by C.H. Rowell in Modern dance music, Boston, New York, Chicago: White, Smith and Co., 1890.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Gilbert, M. Round dancing, (#250), p. 123


Video Clip 73

Late Nineteenth-Century Dance: Star Schottische (feet only)

Duration: 0:22

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Military Schottisch" by C.H. Rowell in Modern dance music, Boston, New York, Chicago: White, Smith and Co., 1890.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Gilbert, M. Round dancing, (#250), p. 123


Video Clip 74

Ragtime Dance: One Step Variation

Duration: 0:37

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "The Castle Walk" by James Reese Europe and Ford T. Dabney, New York, Chicago, London, Australia: Jos. W. Stern and Co., 1914.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Hopkins, J. The tango and other up-to-date dances, (#097), p. 25


Video Clip 75

Ragtime Dance: Castle Walk

Duration: 0:21

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "The Castle Walk" by James Reese Europe and Ford T. Dabney, New York, Chicago, London, Australia: Jos. W. Stern and Co., 1914.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Castle, I and V. Modern dancing, (#240), p. 47


Video Clip 76

Ragtime Dance: Standard Waltz

Duration: 0:39

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Bink's Waltz" by Scott Joplin, Saint Louis: Bahnsen Music Co., 1905.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Newman, A. Dances of to-day, (#122), p. 104-106


Video Clip 77

Ragtime Dance: The Maxixe (1st Step)

Duration: 0:26

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Bregeiro Maxixe" by Ernesto Nazareth in The Mark Stern latest society dance folio for piano, New York, Chicago, London, Australia: Jos. W. Stern and Co., 1914.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Newman, A. Dances of to-day, (#122), p. 143


Video Clip 78

Ragtime Dance: The Maxixe

Duration: 0:26

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Bregeiro Maxixe" by Ernesto Nazareth in The Mark Stern latest society dance folio for piano, New York, Chicago, London, Australia: Jos. W. Stern and Co., 1914.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
[O'Donnell], B. The tango and the new dances, (#239), p. 26-27 (4th Figure)


Video Clip 79

Ragtime Dance: The Maxixe

Duration: 0:26

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "Bregeiro Maxixe" by Ernesto Nazareth in The Mark Stern latest society dance folio for piano, New York, Chicago, London, Australia: Jos. W. Stern and Co., 1914.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
[O'Donnell], B. The tango and the new dances, (#239), p. 26-27 (4th Figure-upper torso)


Video Clip 80

Ragtime Dance: Argentine Tango

Duration: 0:50

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "El Choclo" by A.G. Villoldo in The Mark Stern latest society dance folio for piano, New York, Chicago, London, Australia: Jos.W. Stern and Co., 1914.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Walker, C. The modern dances, (#161), p. 60 (1st Figure), p. 61 (3rd Figure), p. 61-62 (4th Figure) p. 63 (7th Figure)


Video Clip 81

Ragtime Dance: Argentine Tango (1st figure-feet only)

Duration: 0:21

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano.

Music: "El Choclo" by A.G. Villoldo in The Mark Stern latest society dance folio for piano, New York, Chicago, London, Australia: Jos.W. Stern and Co.: 1914.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Walker, C. The modern dances, (#161), p. 60 (1st Figure--feet only)


Video Clip 82

Ragtime Dance: Argentine Tango (4th figure-feet only)

Duration: 0:15

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Reconstructed by Elizabeth Aldrich. Performed by Cheryl Stafford and Thomas Baird, dancers; Boris Gurevich, piano. Music: "El Choclo" by A.G. Villoldo in The Mark Stern latest society dance folio for piano, New York, Chicago, London, Australia: Jos.W. Stern and Co., 1914.

This performance was based on a description found in the following manual:
Walker, C. The modern dances, (#161), p. 61-62 (4th Figure)


Dance Instruction Manuals