The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920

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Part 2 of 3

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Part 3 of 3

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The Roosevelt Dam [1] / [Roosevelt Memorial Association Film Library]

United States : Roosevelt Memorial Association Film Library, [1928?]

Film depicts TR's commitment to the reclamation of desert land and his belief that natural resources exist for the public benefit. Included are close-up views of Frederick H. Newell, first director of the U.S. Reclamation Service and Gifford Pinchot, first chief forester and leader of the conservation movement in the U.S.; both influenced TR's thinking and action on conservation. TR fought successfully for the passage of the Reclamation Act of 1902, which authorized the creation of the reclamation service. In 1906 work on the Roosevelt Dam on the Salt River in Arizona began and was completed in 1911. Film consists of views of desert area, including many varieties of cactus; construction of the dam; the completed dam, hydroelectric plant, reservoir, and irrigation system. Scenes of fields and orchards, sheep and cattle grazing, men clearing, plowing, and harvesting fields with various types of farm equipment, and scenes of crops of wheat, alfalfa, and melons, all represent the benefits brought to the Salt River Valley area by the availability of water.

At the formal dedication of the dam on Mar. 18, 1911, TR presses an electric switch opening sluice gates; TR speaks and shakes hands with Indian workers. Behind him on the platform are, left to right: a woman who may be Edith Roosevelt; a bald man who is probably Louis C. Hill, supervising engineer of the project; an unidentified man; Benjamin A. Fowler, president of the National Irrigation Congress; another unidentified man; Richard E. Sloan, territorial Governor of Arizona; and a man who is probably John P. Orme, president of the Salt River Valley Water Users' Association.

Copyright: no reg.

Editor, Caroline Gentry.

Appearing: President Roosevelt, Frederick H. Newell, Gifford Pinchot, Edith Roosevelt, Louis C. Hill, Benjamin A. Fowler, Richard E. Sloan, John P. Orme.

Duration: 4:58 (part 1), 4:12 (part 2), 4:55 (part 3) at 18 fps.

National Park Service acquired from Roosevelt Memorial Association. Ref print (FEA 8949) and dupe neg (FPB 9906) have additional RMA material at beginning and end of film.

Sources used: Roosevelt Memorial Association. The Roosevelt Dam (script); Roosevelt Memorial Association. Annual report. 1928:16; Harbaugh, William H. The life and times of Theodore Roosevelt. 1963:304-319; Sloan, Richard E., ed. History of Arizona. v. 2, 1930:316-322; Arizona republican, Phoenix. 3/18/11:1-2; 3/19/11:sec. 1:1; 3/19/11:sec. 2:4-6; P&P portrait file; Portrait and biographical record of Arizona. 1901:[334]

Received: 6/1976 from LC film lab; ref print, dupe neg; preservation; Theodore Roosevelt Association Collection.

Reclamation of land--Arizona.
Dams--Arizona--Design and construction.
Hydroelectric power plants--Arizona.
Irrigation farming--Arizona.
Dedication services.
Indians of North America--Arizona--Employment.
Public lands--United States.
Speeches, addresses, etc., American.
Salt River (Ariz.)
Salt River Valley (Ariz.)
Theodore Roosevelt Dam (Ariz.)

Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919.
Newell, Frederick Haynes, 1862-1932.
Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946.
Roosevelt, Edith Kermit Carow, 1861-1948.
Hill, Louis C.
Fowler, Benjamin A.
Sloan, Richard E., b. 1857.
Orme, John P.
United States. Bureau of Reclamation.
Roosevelt Memorial Association.
Roosevelt Memorial Association Film Library.
Theodore Roosevelt Association Collection (Library of Congress)

1 reel of 1 (949 ft.) : si., b&w ; 35 mm. ref print.
1 reel of 1 (950 ft.) : si., b&w ; 35 mm. ref print.
1 reel of 1 (949 ft.) : si., b&w ; 35 mm. dupe neg.
1 reel of 1 (950 ft.) : si., b&w ; 35 mm. dupe neg.

FEA 8949 (ref print)
FEA 8950 (ref print)
FPB 9906 (dupe neg)
FPB 9907 (dupe neg)

Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

trmp 4095s1 4095s2 4095s3 urn:hdl:loc.mbrsmi/trmp.4095