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   Frank Woodruff Buckles
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War: World War, 1914-1918; World War, 1939-1945
Branch: Army
Unit: 1st Fort Riley Casual Detachment; 122nd Prisoner of War Escort Casualty Detachment Demobilization Group
Service Location: United States; England; France; Germany; also: Philippines
Rank: Corporal
POW: Yes
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Interview (Video)
»Interview Highlights  (2 clips)
»Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 
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Download: video(3) (148 min.)
»Secondary Video Interview (59 min.)
Interview (Audio)
»Interview Highlights  (11 clips)
»Complete Interview 
Download: audio (94 min.)
»Photo Album  (7 photos)
 Official Documents
»View List (7 items)
 Other Materials
»View List (2 items)
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»10th Anniversary
 Video (Interview Excerpts) (2 items)
Interest in joining the military; lying about his age to get into the Army; training in makeshift trenches under British officers. (05:24) His claim that he was a bank clerk almost landed him an office job with the Army, but he was assigned to drive around visiting VIPs in a motorcycle sidebar or in a car; three buddies getting into trouble. (04:27) 
 Audio (Interview Excerpts) (11 items)
Shipping out to England on the Carpathia, ship which rescued survivors of the Titanic; pestering officers to get assigned to duty in France. (03:16) French soldiers were spirited, though they were paid little for their service. (00:47) Going through the mess line a second time and giving his food to French children. (01:06)
Taking prisoners back to Germany on a train; getting some exercise when the train stopped, he missed his coach car and had to ride in a freight car with the prisoners; years later in Brazil, meeting a man who was also in that car. (02:08) Getting leave in France; using cigarettes as currency; staying at the Ritz Carlton Hotel in Biarritz; taking extra time and being charged with going AWOL; punishment waived by an envious noncom. (05:53) Guarding German prisoners; recalling only the pleasant incidents; a lone American taking prisoners out on work detail, the guard getting drunk during the day and the prisoners carrying him back to camp in a wheelbarrow. (02:55)
Readjustment to civilian life; accustomed to being treated as an adult, even though he was still 18, so he struck out on his own; given only small consideration as a veteran. (01:55) Getting a medal from the president of France in 1999; written up in Life magazine; meeting another WWI veteran at an event in Oregon organized by a high school teacher named Buckles. (03:56) Attending business school with other vets, many of them supported by the government; few could afford to buy civilian shirts, so they wore farm overalls. (01:28)
Working for the White Star steamship line in the 1930s and 1940s; in the Philippines when the Japanese attacked in December 1941; taken prisoner and held for over 3 years. (12:25) Making a choice to avoid the military after the war; going into a war understanding the big picture; the sense of abandonment felt by people in the Orient during WWII, when the U.S. was concentrating on Europe. (04:02) 
 Official Documents (7 items)
Special Orders #264 [9/21/1919] Enlistment record for Frank W. Buckles [notarized 5/18/1920] Special Orders No. 29 [9/29/1919]
Honorable Discharge [11/13/1919] Appointment to Corporal [9/22/1919] Special Orders No. 253 [11/10/1919]
Envelope with typed description of military papers kept in a safe deposit box  
 Other Materials (2 items)
Biographical information written by veteran Transcript of interview [12/19/2001] 

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  October 26, 2011
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