The papers of male physicians are also good sources of information about women's medical issues and women's involvement in
medical professions. Two examples illustrate this point:
Physician Joseph Meredith Toner (237,000 items; 1741-1896)
[catalog record] collected among his papers an eighteenth-century manuscript on midwifery and nineteenth-century medical papers on pregnancy,
childbirth, venereal disease, and uterine hemorrhaging (see also the Toner collection in the Rare Book and Special Collections Division).
Pathologist and physician John W. Colbert (400 items; 1895-1966; bulk 1903-44) [catalog record] documented his training of nurses in Puerto Rico in 1904-05, his work with Red Cross nurses during World War I, and his
advocacy of women's participation in war efforts as the founder of the Woman's Ambulance and Defense Corps of America in the
Research in the papers of other male doctors (see especially section on Mental Health) would undoubtedly reveal additional source material of interest to women's historians, as would a broader search of the
division's catalogs for the names of individual women doctors and nurses, medical conditions, and organizations and associations.
Casting a wide net often results in some unexpected finds, such as when a search for the term “American Nurses Association”
uncovers the papers of public relations executive Edward L. Bernays (227,000 items; 1777-1994; bulk 1920-90)
[catalog record], whose clients included many women in the fields of arts and politics. Bernays also represented Good Housekeeping, Cosmopolitan, the Lucy Stone League, and various pharmaceutical companies. For one of his ad campaigns for the American Tobacco Company,
Bernays sought to link women's equality with smoking in public, and he arranged for society women to light up during New York's
1929 Easter Parade and for college coeds to lobby for the right to smoke on campus.
The Bernays Papers are a good source not only for women's medical issues but also for studying how advertising was directed
toward women, who were thought to control household budgets. They also document the important role his wife, Doris Fleischman
Bernays (1891-1980), played in his business affairs and include some of her correspondence, a draft manuscript of her book
A Wife Is Many Women (1955), and background information for her pioneering 1928 book An Outline of Careers for Women. Correspondence also exists for Edward and Doris's daughter, novelist Anne Bernays.