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"We were called 'nigger' many a time... But you just kept on going." (24:16)

   Oneida Miller Stuart
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Oneida Miller, 1943
War: World War, 1939-1945
Branch: Army Nurse Corps
Unit: Nichols General Hospital
Service Location: Louisville, Kentucky
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Soldiers wounded in wartime might be expected to be grateful for aid and comfort from any woman in a nurse's uniform. But as Oneida Miller discovered in 1945 working the wards of Nichols General Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky, some GIs didn't want her ministrations, solely because of the color of her skin. Miller grew up in Indianapolis, and her comparisons between her hometown and the city in which she served for at the end of World War II might surprise some people who assumed Jim Crow flourished only south of the Ohio River.

Interview (Audio)
»Interview Highlights  (8 clips)
»Complete Interview 
Download: audio (47 min.)
 Other Materials
»Newpaper article "First in 63 Years: Make Fine Records; Four Others Enrolled" [March 27. 1943]
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 Audio (Interview Excerpts) (8 items)
Her mentor, Mayme Young, who drew her into nursing. (02:17) Race relations in the nursing school in Indianapolis, where she was one of two black students. (04:33) Basic training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, then to Nichols General Hospital, Louisville, for a year; hospital closed after the war was over. (03:10)
Dealing with racist patients and prisoners of war. (03:51) Integrated facilities at the hospital, segregation in town. (00:55) Wanting to join the Army but denied by racial quotas; wanting to stay in the Army but ordered to muster out. (00:60)
Letting incidents of racism slide off her back; being a prankster; dedication to her patients, black and white. (05:43) Comparing racial mores in Louisville and Indianapolis. (00:50) 

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  October 26, 2011
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